PanAf 3 - Heat, cold and stress - 1 liter

PanAf 3 - Heat, cold and stress - 1 liter

Pan African Farms
Regular price
R 275.00
Sale price
R 275.00


PanAf 3 is specially formulated to support plant defense mechanism in respect of heat, drought and cold resistance and other abiotic stresses. 


PanAf 3 can be applied through conventional ground equipment, aerial application, or through properly equipped irrigation systems

PanAf 3 can be tank mixed with water.

Soil Application: 1L per hectare

Leaf Application: 1L per hectare


  1. Use 200 part water to 1 part PanAf 3 - 1:200.
  2. Put 200 parts water in a tank.
  3. Add 1 part PanAf 3 to water in tank.
  4. Mix the water with the PanAf 3.


Salycilic Acid


For further information on PanAf3 see:

Heat stress has an important environmental impact on cells and organisms. Membrane lipids have a pivotal function in temperature sensing and responses to heat stress.

Cells need “instruments” for perceiving the possibly stressful environmental or physiological changes in order to be able to transform the relevant physical parameters into a set of signals controlling enzyme activities, gene transcription, translation and post-translational modifications. The common stress-induced mechanisms include the activations of heat shock proteins, defense reactions and oxidative defense system, as well as metabolism regulation, membrane-lipid reorganization, cytoskeletal rearrangement, and proliferation control.

Research has shown that through the process of acclimation, plants acquire the ability to alter the lipid composition when exposed to heat stress. The deep penetrating capability of the liposomes developed by Pan African Farms offered the opportunity to deliver the desired lipids to cell membranes before exposure in order to help protect cells and consequently reduce cell damage. This was enhanced by the addition of Chitosan.

Chitosan is a powerful bio-stimulant that induces the natural defense response of plants. This induction of natural defense response includes over expression of different defense related hormones, genes and enzymes, increased accumulation of phenolic compounds, cell wall synthesis etc. Plants treated with Chitosan as biotic elicitor molecules have been shown to induce this innate immune response.

Exposure of plants to different biotic or a-biotic stresses lead to deregulation or disruption of electric transport chain and consequently give rise to the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), which are considered as strong oxidizing and potentially harmful agents for the cells. Chitosan elevates important antioxidant enzymes involved in the scavenging of ROS.

This cocktail of natural ingredients has shown strong heat and drought protection, tolerance capabilities as well as coping and acclimation mechanisms.